In relation to this specific inquiry, Dr Eyben outlined the following points: . The views above are of Eyben. The final report gathered a vast amount of information from a wide range of sources to ensure a balanced perspective on the issues of aid effectiveness. The All Party Parliamentary Group for Debt, Aid and Trade's inquiry into Aid Effectiveness can be found online and the submissions of other contributors are available upon request.
Development charities make up a vast web of non-governmental organizations , religious ministries, foundations, business donations and college scholarships devoted to development aid. World figures for private aid are not well tracked, so cross-country comparisons are not easily possible, though it does seem that per person, some other countries may give more, or have similar incentives that the United States has for its citizens to encourage giving.
Starting at the beginning of the UN Decade for Women in , the Women in Development approach to international development began to inform the provision of development aid.
FAR -- Part 25 Foreign Acquisition
However, some areas of gender inequality are targeted according to region, such as land reform and counteracting the effects of gangs on women in Latin America. Many NGOs have also incorporated gender equality into their programs. Private Foundations provide the majority of their gender related aid to health programs and have relatively neglected other areas of gender inequality. Nike helped to create the Girl Effect to provide aid programs targeted towards adolescent girls. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development provides detailed analysis of the extent of aid for gender equality.
OECD member countries tag their aid programs with gender markers when a program is designed to advanced gender equality. Three main measures of gender inequality are used in calculating gender equality and testing programs for the purposes of development aid. The Gender Development Index uses the Human Development Index and corrects its results in life expectancy, income, and education for gender imbalances. The Gender Inequality Index uses more metrics and attempts to show the losses from gender inequality.
Even with these indexes, Ranjula Swain of the Stockholm School of Economics and Supriya Garikipati of the University of Liverpool found that, compared to the effectiveness of health, economic, and education targeted aid, foreign aid for gender equality remains understudied. Swain and Garikipati blame this on the relative lack of aid with gender equality as a primary motivation. The report found these programs effective, but had trouble finding clear gender outcomes because most programs did not measure this data.
Even when gender equality is identified as a goal of aid, other factors will often be the primary focus of the aid. Robert C. Debussher criticized the EU's development policy in Latin America for focusing too much attention on gender inequality as a problem to be solved for women. Some criticism of gender equality development aid discusses a lack of voices of women's organizations in developing aid programs. Debusscher argued that feminist and women's organizations were not represented enough in EU aid. Ravindran and A. Kelkar-Khambete criticized the Millennium Development Goals for insufficiently integrating gender into all development goals, instead creating its own development goal, as limiting the level of aid provided to promote gender equality.
It is doubtful whether remittances , money sent home by foreign workers, ought to be considered a form of development aid. However, they appear to constitute a large proportion of the flows of money between developed and developing countries, although the exact amounts are uncertain because remittances are poorly tracked. The exact nature and effects of remittance money remain contested,  however in at least 36 of the countries tracked remittance sums were second only to FDI and outnumbered both public and private aid donations.
The International Monetary Fund has reported that private remittances may have a negative impact on economic growth, as they are often used for private consumption of individuals and families, not for economic development of the region or country. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For a more comprehensive list, see List of countries by Official Development Assistance received.
For a more comprehensive list, see List of development aid country donors. Further information: List of development aid agencies. Society portal.
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Agencies in Foreign Aid
Working Paper Number The Journal of Politics. The Ecologist. Global Issues. Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original PDF on Harvard Human Rights Journal. Latin American Perspectives. Sociological Forum. Results from Structural Equation Analysis. Journal of Southern African Studies. Journal of International Development. Forum for Development Studies. Non-traditional aid and gender equity evidence from million dollar donations. Global Public Health. Journals Outline Studies. It accounts for 0. A number of economists have criticized various aspects of the global foreign aid system as ineffective or counterproductive.
Some analysts, and many in Congress, have criticized U. Critics such as Easterly and Deaton praise such life-saving humanitarian aid but point out that it is a small fraction of total aid spending. Nicholas Burns, a Harvard University professor and former U.
Many military leaders are also outspoken supporters of foreign aid programs.